Persimmon tree (lat. Diōspyros) - a genus of subtropical and tropical deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs of the Ebenaceae family.
Trees can live up to five hundred years. In many species, the fruits are edible, some tropical species are a source of valuable wood - ebony.
The Latin name of the genus, Diospyros, is of Greek origin and can be translated as "food of the gods", another meaning is "divine fire". In Russian, the word "khurma" came from Farsi, where in the original it sounds like khormâlu - that is, a date plum. The word khormâ itself means a date, the word âlu - plum. The name khormâlu originally referred to Caucasian persimmon.
The dried persimmon tastes very much like dates, hence the name of the Caucasian persimmon in Farsi. Then this name spread to other types of persimmons, including eastern (Japanese).
Species with edible fruits may call: "wild date", "date plum".
Trees or shrubs, deciduous or evergreen. There are no terminal buds. Leaves are simple, alternate, sometimes with small translucent glands. Male axillary flowers are usually collected in brushes.
Stamens from 4 to many, often paired. Female flowers are usually single, axillary.
Calyx usually 3-5 (sometimes up to 7) petal, can be reduced. Corolla bell-shaped or tubular, 3-5 (-7) lobed.
The fruit is a fleshy berry, leathery, as a rule, with a large cup.
Seeds 1 to 10 or more, often laterally squeezed.